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Who should I Follow?

With the abundance of Islamic literature and scholars, the question that regularly arises is: “Who should I follow and whose lectures should I listen to?”

The great Maaliki scholar, Imaam Shaatbi (rahimahullah) (d. 790 A.H.) gives three simple signs by means of which one can recognize a true and reliable scholar of deen:

  1. He practises on his knowledge and his actions conform to his words. If his actions contradict his words, then he is not worthy of being a teacher and of being followed.
  2. He was nurtured by the experts of that field, studying under them and holding firmly to them, until a time came when he became worthy of the same titles as them. This was in reality the noble practice of our pious predecessors.
  3. He follows in the footsteps of his teachers, and adopts their conduct and mannerisms as was the practice of the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) in following Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), and the Taabi‘een in following the Sahaabah and this process continued from generation to generation. When this quality was ignored and overlooked, innovations began creeping into deen, because choosing not to follow one’s elders is due to some new factor, the root cause of which is the following of one’s desires. (Al-Muwaafaqaat – vol. 1, pgs. 83 – 85)
2014-03-10T05:09:44+02:00Articles|

The “NEED” of the Hour

N = Nurturing

E = Education

E = Example

D = Du‘aa

 

As I walked out of the musjid, an eye-catching poster filled with colour begged for my attention. It was a report-back on Syria by an ‘Aalim scheduled for the forthcoming night. I cancelled my soccer to attend the very promising program. As the Moulana recounted his first-hand experiences, the merciless butchering of our youth and innocent children in Syria, I could not help but shed tears at their pitiable plight.

That night I dashed straight home, not wasting a minute at the car park with friends which was my daily practice, only to find my children asleep. Hugging and kissing them, against my norm, I thanked Allah Ta‘ala for the bounty of having my children hale and hearty.

While the loss of the youth of Syria to the blood thirsty regime of their country is extremely heart-rending, the loss of our youth to the scourge of “SATANIC CULTS”, to the night clubs and cinemas and to the drugs lords of our neighbourhood is equally tragic. If we ever want to peek into our future, then glance at the morals and values of our youth. The building blocks of our future are being moulded in our hands.

Their NEED!!!

N = Nurturing:

Our children are our future. The upbringing we imbue within them now will play out in their lives tomorrow. Firstly we need to condition our minds, that their success as human beings depends on deen. Therefore, we should channel our efforts into instilling Islamic values within them. The ball is in our court. Invest in them and secure your sadaqah jaariyah, or neglect them only to cry later on: “Oh Bheta! Why are you putting me in an old age home?” “Oh my Muhammad! Why you don’t worry about me anymore?” “Oh my Yusuf! You don’t visit me after you got married!”

E = Education:

This is our responsibility and not that of the maktab teacher. They only do us a favour by easing our load. ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) has reported his personal experience at a very tender age with Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). He says: “One day I was seated behind Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) on a conveyance, when He said to me, ‘O young lad! Let me teach you a few statements. Protect Allah’s deen and He will protect you. Remain within the limitations set down by Allah Ta‘ala and you will find Him (His mercy and help) ahead of you. When you beg, beg of Allah. When you seek assistance, seek it from Allah. Know very well that if the entire world gathers to benefit you, then they will not be able to render more benefit than that which Allah Ta‘ala has predestined for you, and if they gather to harm you then they will not be able to cause more harm than that which Allah Ta‘ala has predestined against you. The pen (of destiny) has been lifted and the scrolls have dried up.’” (Sunan Tirmizi #2516) A famous slogan we chant is: “He is still small.” Well, in the above hadeeth, Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) teaches the basic articles of imaan to ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) who was still a child.

A simple starting point would be: Sit together as one family unit and dedicate a few minutes for recitation of the Quraan Majeed, ta’leem of Fazaaile Aa’maal and some collective du‘aa.

E = Example:

Our children are our CCTV (Child’s Careful Thoughtful Vision). They absorb our every move and replay it when faced with similar situations. Therefore, we need to walk the talk, and they will follow suit. This is the easiest method to teach our children. The famous adage goes “An apple does not fall far from the tree.” Hence let us lead by example.

D = Du‘aa:

Supplicating to Allah Ta‘ala for their earthly and spiritual success was the hallmark of our pious predecessors. Ebrahim (‘alaihis salaam) implored unto Allah Ta‘ala: “O Allah! I have settled my children in a barren land (Makkah Mukarramah) by Your sacred house so that they may establish salaah … O Allah! Grant me and my offspring the ability to be punctual with salaah.” (Surah Ebrahim v37 & 40)

Deep-rooted concern for the deen of one’s children is a salient quality of the true servants of Allah Ta‘ala, as highlighted in Surah Furqaan (v74), by means of the following supplication: “O our Rabb! Make our spouses and offspring the coolness of our eyes (by making them obedient to you) and make us leaders (and examples) to those who fear You.”

Dedicate time daily to cry for them, before they make you cry.

Stand up to the “NEED” and Allah Ta‘ala will infuse the “DEEN.”

Reverse the word “NEED”, and that is their need (i.e. deen).

2013-12-03T04:58:18+02:00Articles|

Why Follow an Imaam?

Is it Necessary to Follow an Imaam?

Can I not Refer Directly to the Hadeeth?

In this belated era, one often hears questions about the need to follow an imaam or a mazhab. The ear-catching slogan of “DIRECTLY” following the Quraan and hadith is heard more frequently.The answer to such questions and the reality behind these slogans is highlighted by the following eye-opening incident, which has been reported by Imaam Ahmad bin Hambal and Imaam Tahaawi (rahimahumallah)

Once ‘Urwah bin Zubair (rahimahullah) addressed ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) thus:

أضللت الناس يا ابن عباس !

“You have led the people astray O ibnu ‘Abbaas!”

When ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) enquired about the reason, ‘Urwa (rahimahullah) mentioned a ruling pertaining to the laws of hajj which ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) had issued contrary to the ruling of Abu Bakr and ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma). ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) replied: “This is the exact reason why you have been led astray. I am narrating from Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and you are opposing it with the view of Abu Bakr and ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma).”

‘Urwah (rahimahullah) said to Ibnu ‘Abbaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma):

إن أبا بكر وعمر رضي الله عنهما كانا أعلم برسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم منك

“Indeed Abu Bakr and ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) were more knowledgeable about the sunnah of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) than you.” (Musnad Ahmad, vol. 4, pg. 132, # 2277, Sharhu Ma‘aanil Aathaar, vol. 1, pg. 423).

In a narration of Tabraani the same incident has been recorded with a slight difference. According to this version, when ‘Urwah (rahimahullah) objected, Ibnu ‘Abbaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) said to him: “Woe be to you! Do you give preference to Abu Bakr and ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) over the book of Allaah and the sunnah of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).” Upon this ‘Urwah (rahimahullah) replied: “They were more knowledgeable about the Book of Allah and the sunnah of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) than you and I.”

Ibnu Abi Mulaykah, the narrator of this incident comments: “Ibnu ‘Abbaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) did not have any answer for this.” (Al-Mu’jamul Awsat, vol. 1, pg. 42, No. 21).

The answer of ‘Urwah (rahimahullah) is exactly the answer to those who raise objections such as: What is the need to follow an imaam? Is it better to follow Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) or to follow Abu Haneefah, Maalik, Shaafi‘ee and Ahmad bin Hambal (rahimahumullah)?

In reply to these objections Shaikh Muhammad ‘Awwaamah writes: “We say to them: We are not pleased to have you as a substitute for these imaams, as they were more knowledgeable about Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) than you.” In fact, when we say “more knowledgeable” we do not mean to draw a comparison, because there is absolutely no comparison between you and them in knowledge. And it is our ardent desire to cling onto the way of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) that drives us to follow their understanding of the pure sunnah.” (Atharul Hadithish Shareef, pg. 101).

The crux of these answers is that one does not follow an Imaam in OPPOSITION  to the Quraan and sunnah. Instead, the following of an Imaam is based purely on the intention to follow the Quraan and sunnah, and they were far more knowledgeable of the Quraan and sunnah than anyone in this era.

Answer through an Example

Another simple answer to these types of questions could easily be understood from a common day to day situation. Take the example of a close relative who requires a triple bypass or needs to undergo a major operation. Will an unqualified relative ever dare to research the procedure of that operation and carry it out by himself? The answer is obvious. Rather, he will employ the services of the greatest expert in that field. Why? Since the well being of our dear one means much to us. If our deen is beloved to us, then this should be our attitude with regards to the matters of deen as well.

2013-12-02T13:10:23+02:00Articles|

The Arrivals

Question:

I have seen a documentary titled The Arrivals. It relates to the arrival of Dajjal, the Mahdi and the return of Hadhrat ‘Isa (‘alaihis salaam). Many texts of the Quraan and hadith as well as verses from the Bible are quoted to substantiate the claims made. I was quite impressed but also confused about the reality of what was presented in the documentary. Please advise.

Answer:

It is necessary to believe in whatever has been established from the Quraan and hadith. Among these aspects are the appearance of the Mahdi, the emergence of Dajjal and the return of Hadhrat ‘Isa (‘alaihis salaam). When Hadhrat ‘Isa (‘alaihis salaam) returns he will slay Dajjal. All these aspects are authentically established and are among the beliefs of every Muslim. However, while some signs have been mentioned in the ahaadith, the exact time for the occurrence of these signs has not been revealed. It is therefore not necessary for us to try to determine when they will occur.

Day of Judgement

The above is similar to the issue of the occurrence of the day of Qiyaamah (Day of Judgement). While the Day of Qiyaamah is a certainty, its date is known to Allah Ta’ala alone. Once a person asked Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam): “When will Qiyaamah occur?” Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) replied: “Have you prepared for that day?” This reply contained a very important lesson — do not concern yourself with when it will happen. Instead, engage yourself in rectifying your deeds and acting upon the commandments of Allah Ta’ala in preparation for that day. Therefore the principle to adhere to is that what Allah Ta’ala and Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) have kept hidden, do not delve into it. As for the documentary, detailed refutations have been written by ‘Ulama and others highlighting the factual inaccuracies, misinterpretations and distortions therein. Apart from some glaring historical distortions, among the deviations and corruptions in The Arrivals are the following:

  • Quoting small sections of ahaadith out of context and leaving out some sections of the same hadith, thereby distorting the meaning.
  • The Mahdi is depicted as a magician, Allah forbid. Any Muslim with even basic Islamic knowledge knows that magic is totally haraam.
  • An extremely dangerous aspect in the series is the vilification of the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu anhum). A true believer can never speak ill of any Sahaabi (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) . Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) is reported to have said: “The one who loves them (the Sahaabah) does so due to love for me and the one who hates them does so out of hate for me!”
  • Several Shia beliefs are propagated therein which are totally in conflict with Islamic beliefs.
  • Some writers have described the documentary as “filled with music and nudity.” If the purpose is to denounce what the Jews are doing, is it necessary to repeat and replay the music and shamelessness? This is similar to a person who, in order to explain the harms of drugs to people, makes them take a puff of the haraam substance. Any thinking person knows how insane such an act is since the one puff may turn the people into addicts. It is however another story if the purpose of the documentary is a sly attempt to get people addicted to the filth of music and nudity?

One should therefore not simply fall headlong for every new thing that makes its appearance. Remain firmly on the clear path that has been handed down to us from the pious predecessors. Therein lies our safety in this world and salvation in the Hereafter.

2013-09-29T09:51:51+02:00Articles|

Information Explosion

Never before has it been possible to access so much of information with such ease. Daily, new books grace the shelves of libraries and living rooms. More magazines, periodicals and pamphlets are being published than ever before. Furthermore, literally at the press of a button, thousands of books on tafseer, hadith, fiqh, Islamic history and almost every other topic can be accessed. On-line courses and innumerable websites, all in the name of Islam, are at one’s fingertips. Indeed there is a huge explosion of information which is bombarding us from every direction. The major challenge is how to handle this “information explosion”?

The most critical issue in this regard is WHO is giving out the information? This itself will also determine another critical aspect: How authentic is the information? Though we generally take these issues very lightly, especially in this age of the “information explosion,” yet it could very well be a matter of life and death – the death of one’s Imaan. Hence ibn Sireen (rahimahullah), who was among the greatest Taabi’een (companions of the Sahaaba radhiyallahu ‘anhum), firmly stated: “This knowledge is deen. Therefore beware of who you take your deen from?” (Shamail-e-Tirmizi).

Heart Attack

The above statement has two fundamental lessons. The first lesson is that one must have a teacher who one learns deen from. It is therefore extremely tragic that, due to the advancement in technology, many people’s teacher has become the internet or computer programs. Imagine a person with a severe heart condition referring to the internet for treatment. He stumbles upon an advert marketing a product which promises a miraculous cure for his ailment. If the ailing person decides to take this unknown product from an unknown person for his heart condition, what will any sane person think of him? More crucial than treating the physical heart is the health of the spiritual heart. Therefore, can just any website, online course, blog, or just any book or person be OK to learn deen from??? Is the fancy label in the form of catchy slogans, glossy titles and a captivating style of writing a good enough basis to rely on the “product”? Such a careless attitude carries an extremely severe risk of a spiritual heart attack!!!

Furthermore, nobody’s knowledge is reliable in any field if it is not acquired from an expert teacher in that field. Any person who claims to be a doctor, lawyer or engineer due to having studied all the material on the subject from books and on the internet, will surely be shunned by every intelligent person. He will also be legally prevented from practicing in that field. This is simply due to him not having learnt his field from a recognized teacher, who himself learnt similarly from an expert, all the way to the top. Having a teacher is therefore essential.

Oratory

The second lesson in the statement of ibn Sireen (rahimahullah) was to choose a teacher carefully, ensuring that he is reliable in deen. Taking just anyone as a teacher is very dangerous. Often the basis for taking deen from someone is merely the person’s oratory skills, or his apparent expertise in Islamic sciences or his proficiency in the Arabic language. This alone is not sufficient, especially when Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) has warned of such scholars who will have “knowledgeable tongues but hearts of wolves”. In another narration he cautioned against scholars who are “people with tongues sweeter than honey but hearts more bitter than aloe (which is very bitter).” Oratory skills alone is therefore no basis for such a critical choice. History bears testimony that over the centuries many “scholars” with completely corrupt beliefs have swayed thousands of people with their oratory or flowery writings and their apparent expertise in Islamic sciences. While many simple people followed such deviated “scholars” and organisations, a great number of those who were carried away by the outward sophistication of an organisation or the apparent “intellect” of a so-called scholar were the wealthy and educated class. Consider one example. The deviation and corruption in the beliefs of the false prophet and the founder of the Qadiani movement, Ghulam Ahmed Qadiani, are easily understood by even ordinary lay men when it is explained to them in the light of the Quraan and sunnah. Yet, many of his followers up to this day are highly educated. They were caught up by what appeared to be excellent “scholarship” but in reality they were entrapped into rejecting some of the most fundamental beliefs of a Muslim. Similarly, many people were led astray after having read some Shia literature. Yet others fell into complete confusion after being misled into believing that if one follows one of the four Imaams of fiqh (Imaam Abu Hanifa, Imaam Shafi, etc.) one will be following something other than the true deen. Hence they abandoned following the true Imaams and mujtahids (jurists) who were masters and experts in the knowledge of the Quraan and sunnah. In place of the Imaams of fiqh, they then began following the interpretations of modern day “scholars” whose knowledge of deen is but a mere fraction of the knowledge of the great Imaams.

Discern

Thus it has always been fundamentally important to first check WHO or WHERE one learns deen from. The information explosion has increased this importance by a million times. If one listens to or reads just anything and everything without having thorough knowledge of the Quraan and sunnah, one will not be able to discern what is correct or what is not. Therefore the best route is to refrain from referring to any unknown sources. Once Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) requested permission from Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) to read the Torah and benefit from its wisdom. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) strongly forbade him from doing so, despite the fact that the Quraan has itself declared the Torah as guidance. The reason for the prohibition was that the Torah was greatly interpolated and distorted by the Jews. Furthermore the Quraan was still not entirely revealed and deen was not yet completed. Hence due to this situation even somebody of the calibre of Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) may not have been able to immediately discern what was authentic and unchanged and what was the distortion of the Jews. This incident clearly highlights the key aspect which is the ability to DISCERN what conforms to the word and spirit of deen and what does not. This is not possible without thorough knowledge. Therefore, the only resort is to turn to someone WHO is reliable.

Guidelines

This begs the crucial question: How does one determine WHO is reliable? A few guidelines gleaned from the Quraan and sunnah are:

The person must be knowledgeable
He must be a pious person. This refers to one who fulfills all the obligations of deen, adheres to the sunnah and who is not a flagrant sinner.
The people who associate with him generally progress in deen and become more conscious of adopting the sunnah in their lives.
He should be a person who is blessed with sharhus sadr (an enlightened heart). The signs of sharhus sadr that have been explained in the hadith are: He is disinclined from the world, his heart is focused towards the Hereafter and he prepares for death.
The great Muhaddith Ibrahim Nakha’ee states: “When people would come to learn Deen from someone, they would look at his character, his salaah and his general condition.”

Common Sense

A common sense approach is to determine what the learned and pious think of the person. This will be a good indication of whether one is making a sound choice. The situation is similar to that of a person seeking a good doctor to treat a complicated illness. He will generally check two things: What is the success rate of that doctor and what do other doctors have to say about him. The same approach must be adopted to a much greater extent to find the right guide in deen. With each passing day, more and more information will continue to explode from every source and media. Let us firmly stick to someone WHO is reliable so that the wrong information does not explode our deen!

2014-08-05T08:28:56+02:00Articles|
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